What Causes Macular Degeneration?

For persons aged 50 and older, age-related macular degeneration is the most common reason for serious loss of eyesight. While age-related macular degeneration may not cause total blindness, it does cause enough lack of vision to inhibit the ability to perform some daily tasks. This disease affects the center of vision and is not only uncomfortable but can also lead to a loss of quality of life, as certain activities will be hindered or have to be stopped entirely.

How Macular Degeneration Reduces Quality of Life

Those with macular degeneration in Falls Church, VA, and other areas report that the disease prevents them from doing things they may have enjoyed in the past. Because of the way that macular degeneration affects eyesight in the center of the field of vision, people may be unable to read, see faces, drive, or simply navigate their way around their own house. Unfortunately, when macular degeneration begins, there may be no outward signs. So, without an eye exam, people may unknowingly have macular degeneration.

Risk Factors For Macular Degeneration?

Certain risk factors make it more likely that a person may develop macular degeneration. These include:

  • Excess alcohol consumption
  • Tobacco use of all kinds, including smoking, vaping, and chewing
  • Underlying disorders such as hypertension, diabetes, and high blood pressure
  • Being over the age of 50
  • Obesity
  • Poor nutrition

While these risks factors contribute to a higher chance of developing macular degeneration, the actual cause of this disease is unknown. Some people may have one or more of the risks mentioned above factors and never develop macular degeneration.

Regular eye exams in Falls Church are essential, but especially so if you have any of the risk factors mentioned above. The sooner that macular degeneration is diagnosed, the more vision may be saved. Contact us to book your appointment today.

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